Types of Engineering

World Engineers Day is being celebrated every 15th of September and serves to appreciate the engineers and the contributions they are giving to the society. Engineers are those professionals who are inventing, designing, and building structures, complex systems, and materials just in order to complete deliverables and functional objectives, keeping in mind the factors like practicality, regulation, cost and safety. The word ‘engineer’ has been taken from a Latin words ‘ingeniare’ that means ‘to create or generate’) and ‘ingenium’ (which denotes ‘cleverness’). The engineer normally would require foundational credentials of a 4-year bachelor’s degree of any of the several engineering disciplines — and in certain peculiar commands, a master’s degree of an engineering discipline that has an added 4-6 years of peer-evaluated professional practice, and then, a passing of an engineering board examinations.


The discoveries of James Watt with Thomas Savery laid the basis of the present mechanical engineering. The growth of specialized machines, and also the maintenance of the tools during an Industrial Revolution, gave increase to the rapid development of mechanical engineering to its origin of Britain and ahead of.

1816 – Francis Ronalds was the standout person in the field who made the initial working electric telegraph method and documented the personal vision of a world transformation by electricity.

19th century – Electrical engineering field was impacted and marked by experiments made by Alessandro Volta. The other main in the progress of the discipline had been the experiments of Georg Ohm, Michael Faraday, and some others — and also the groundbreaking electric motor invention in 1872. The electrical engineers had constructed a universal electric telegraph network with the primary electrical engineering institutions that was backing this discipline which had been established in the US and in the UK.

Late of 19th century – Engineering field became a profession. Electronics fields were founded by the work made by Heinrich Hertz with James Maxwell. Vacuum tube and transistor further bolster the progress of electronics. Chemical engineering was also developed through the Industrial Revolution.

There are dozens of different kinds of engineering, however, but when it goes down to basics, the engineering are using specialized knowledge base in solving an issue.

In broad terms, the engineering disciplines can be divided to 4 main categories — civil, chemical, mechanical and electrical. Each of these kinds requires different engineering education and skills.


Engineering is an intricate and a vast field, encompassing a wider range of specialties. The 4 main types are:

1.Chemical Engineering

Infographic has the text four categories of engineering electrical, mechanical, chemical, and civil. The chemical engineers are using their knowledge of science — like biology, physics, math and chemistry — to solve issues that might affect the production or use of food, drugs, chemicals and more. They typically work in laboratories and offices and nearly every work in full-time.

Chemical engineers are using their knowledge in manufacturing and sciences to bring chemical procedures developed in the laboratory to an industrial or commercial process to make products and evaluate and improve the processes.

Chemical engineers translate procedures developed in the laboratory to practical application for the commercial making of products and work to improve and maintain the processes. They are relying on the main engineering foundations: physics, chemistry and math.

The main task of chemical engineers will be troubleshoot and design processes for making chemicals, fuels, biological, foods, and pharmaceuticals to name some. They are most typically employed by big -scale manufacturing plants in maximizing productivity and the product quality whereas minimizing costs.

The same occupations include nuclear or biomedical engineering and health safety specialists and occupational or technicians.

2. Civil Engineering

Civil engineer will solve infrastructure problems. A project they build, maintain and design span a wider range in both private and public sectors, with bridges, roads, tunnels, sewer systems, and dams and water.

The civil engineers usually split their time in between a project and the office sites. Similar works include construction manager, urban and regional planning and landscape architect.

3.Electrical Engineering

Electrical engineer concentrates on the design, manufacturing and testing of electrical components, like motors, navigation, power generation and communications systems. They are working a variety of industries, including telecommunications research, manufacturing, and more.

The electrical engineering is just one of the broadest in the engineering fields, which denotes what you do differ widely from a sector the other. From dealing with circuits to creating computers and some of the other electronics utilized to make fiber-optic network or vision sensor for cars.

4.Mechanical Engineering

The mechanical engineers are designing, building and developing thermal sensing and mechanical devices, like tools, machines and engines. Mechanical engineers are also one broader engineering field and they can work on a huge range of products, starting from electric generators up to batteries to refrigeration system.

The mechanical engineers analyzed projects to identify how the mechanical device will be utilized and design and test the machine to assist with the project. They will investigate the equipment also that failed to identify how parts of the mechanics will need a repair.


There are many kinds of engineers as well as the industries overall. Here is the overview of the specific kinds of engineering.

Aerospace Engineering – These engineers specialized in designing spacecraft, missiles, aircraft, and satellites. They also make and test prototypes in ensuring that they properly function to the designs and to meet quality standards.

Agricultural Engineering – These are engineers that will ensure the power supplies, machinery, facilities and structures are running efficiently. They can work also with environmental and pollution issues concerning agriculture.

Biomedical Engineering – Bioengineers and biomedical are working to combine science and engineering to research, create and design equipment, software spanning and computer systems and several science fields.

Computer Hardware Engineering – These engineers are working with components and computer systems like circuit boards, processors, routers and networks to make sure that they are working with the newest software.

Environmental Engineering – These engineers worked to improve sustainability problems globally, like climate change and unsafe drinking water, by combining the ideology of biology, chemistry, engineering and soil science.

Health & Safety Engineering – These engineers are combining health and safety and engineering, to design and develop systems that will protect properties and people from injury, harm, and illness. They are making sure of the safety of the products like software, chemicals and machinery.

Industrial Engineering – These engineers are designing systems that combine machines, workers, and more use to make the service or the product to eliminate wastes in the production processes.

Marine Engineering – Engineers here are taking care of the internal methods of a ship, like the steering systems, electrical, and more. They also build and design ships like submarines, tankers, and sailboats.

Materials Engineering – These engineers study the structures and the properties of ceramics, plastics, metals, and more. They monitor how the new materials are performing and designing testing procedures for some different materials in the products ranging from the computer chips, golf clubs, and aircraft wings.

Mining & Geological Engineering – The mining engineers work and design in sand-and-gravel quarries and mineral mines to ensure the elimination of minerals like metal and coal is safely and efficiently done for utility and manufacturing use.

Nuclear Engineering – The nuclear engineers are working on different instruments and systems that will benefit from the nuclear energy. They also develop and research nuclear equipment, like medical treatments, spacecraft, and ships.

Petroleum Engineering – The petroleum engineers are working to extract gas and oil from below the surface of the earth by developing and designing new methods.


Engineering situates at the front of evolution within the world driven by novelty and constantly driving the boundaries of what is possible. The excess of engineering fields had been the testament to people’s quest to solve various issues, from constructing sustainable urban to harnessing the mystery of the quantum empire.

Well, “best” is a subjective word and will rely on the multitude of factors which should be considered. While the external metrics like job growth, societal impact and salary might influence this kind of perception, it is equally significant to take into consideration your strengths, passions and inclinations.

The work environment can be a critical factor also. If you cherish group collaboration in the laboratory setting, you will find biomedical or chemical engineering fitting. Alternatively, if you prefer hands-on fieldwork and open spaces, you might settle towards geological or civil engineering.

No matter what niche, each engineering discipline will contribute to the society in some other ways. They intersect and overlap also in many ways. The aerospace engineer will rely on the impending of the materials engineer to select the proper components for the spacecraft. Similarly, the computer hardware engineer usually collaborates with the electrical engineers to make sure of the optimized system performance.

Whereas every engineering field boasts challenges and exclusive allure, the finest one for you pivot on aligning your interests and aspirations. By exploring the many kinds of engineering available, you’ll soon determine which one is the best one for you and will fit to your journey.

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