Happy Natal Day to Air Force! Hope you have many more years to Fly-Fight-Win wherein you Aim High. Although the US military bought the first aircraft in the year 1909, the United States Air Force didn’t exist as an independent and a separate branch until 18th of September, 1947.
For 75 years now, American Airmen have stand-out as they executed the Air Force task to fly, clash, and to win — giving airpower anywhere, anytime, in defense of the country.
The U.S. War division made the first ever antecedent of the United States Air Force, as part of the United States Army, on August 1, 1907, which by the succession of modification of titles, organization, and missions advanced to eventual independence after 40 years. In WW II, around 68,000 U.S. airmen were gone in helping to succeed in the war, with just an infantry suffering more fatalities. After the establishment of the Department of Air Force, in September 18, 1947, the primary secretary of Air Force, Mr. W. Stuart Symington, sworn into the office that the Air Force was formally formed as one independent service branch. So let us know now the military aircrafts of the US from our history.
List of the military aircrafts of the United States of America:
1. Curtiss PW-8 – this Curtiss P1 Hawk was an initial Air Service aircraft of the US Army to be dispersed out the “P” (Pursuit) title which replaced the 7 designations for pursuit aircrafts with “PW”. The P-1 was a product version of Curtiss XPW-8B, the improved variant of PW-8, 25 that were operational with the 17th Pursuit Squadron of the Air Services.
In September of 1923, the Army planned the production of PW-8. This PW-8 had been widened from R-6 racer and even though this PW-8 was considered faster than PW-9 which both have the top speeds in spare of 165m in every hour (mph), it was if not out-performed by Boeing plane, and the cooling system seemed to be vulnerable in combat and harder to maintain.
2. Verville-Sperry R-3 Racer – it was the cantilever wing mono-plane that has the streamlined fuselage and a 2nd aircraft with the totally retractable landing gears, its first being Dayton-Wright Racer. This R-3 racer was known in 1961 as one of those “12 Most Major Aircrafts of all Time” through the famous Mechanics magazine. An R-3 won a Pulitzer Trophy in Ohio in 1924.
For 1924 Pulitzer, an R-3, won the race with a slow 346 km/h or 215 mph and was piloted by Lt. Harry H. Mills and after the race, those R-3 racers had been sent to McCook Field Museum.
3. Douglas A-20 Havoc – this has a company designation of DB-7 and it was a light bomber, intruder, an American attack, and night warrior aircraft of WWII. It served with some Allied air forces, mainly the USAAF or US Army Air Forces, the VVS or Soviet Air Forces, the AVMF or Soviet Naval Aviation and the RAF or Royal Air Force of the UK. It was used also by the air force France, the Netherlands, Australia, and South Africa during the war, then by Brazil afterwards.
In the British Commonwealth air force, the attack/bomber variants of DB-7 were normally known by their service name “Boston”, whereas the intruder variants and the night fighter were normally known as the Havoc.
4. Huff-Daland LB-1 – this is a US biplane light bomber aircrafts operated in the 1920s.
It is derived from an XLB-1 prototype taken in 1923 by the Army, the LB-1 advance aircraft was powered through the solo Packard 2A-2500 engines and carried the added crewman. It established underpowered in the service trials.
5. Martin B-10 – it was the first ever all-metal monoplane bombers to go in regular use and entered the service on 1934 of June. It was the first ever mass-produced bomber where performance base was the best to that of the Army’s pursuits.
During its creation time, it became so advanced that it was described as an air power wonder. It was half as fast as with any biplane bomber, also faster than any other contemporary fighter. The only surviving full B-10 is now on display at US Air Force National Museum at Wright-Patterson AF Base near Dayton, OH. The AF Museum conducted a complete search for any existing B-10 remains that eventually heard of the aircraft. The aircraft was reinstated by the (Mobile) 96th Maintenance Squadron, AF Reserve, at the Kelly AF Base, Texas, in between 1973–1976, and then it was placed to show-off in 1976.
6. Douglas C-47 Skytrain – this C-47 was important to the victory of lots of Allied campaigns, precisely those at the jungles of Burma and New Guinea and at the Guadalcanal where this C-47 made it more likely for the Allied troops to oppose the mobility of a light-traveling Japan army.
C-47s were used for airlifting supplies to the embattled American forces through the Bastogne Battle and possibly its most significant role in the military aviation.
7. Waco CG-4 – this was the most extensive US cargo/troop military glider of WWII and CG-4As went into action in July 1943 through the Allied attack of Sicily. They partake in the US airborne landings on June 6, 1944 in Normandy, and in some other vital airborne operations in China Burma India stage and in Europe.
The CG-4A make favor where the small sizes were a benefit that it can land in tiny spaces. The CG-4A was used also to transmit supplies to the partisans in Yugoslavia. Right after WWII ended, most CG-4As remains were declared surplus or spare and almost everything was sold. The last ever known use of CG-4A was during the early 1950s through the USAF with the Arctic detachment aiding technical research.
8. Schweizer TG-3A – All in all, there were 114 TG-3As that has been built for the USAAF use. All of the remaining military TG-3As had been sold to individuals and gliding schools when the war ended.
TG-3A was restored at the National Museum of US Air Force by Spartan Institute of Aeronautics in Oklahoma and was donated to a museum in 1980 of December. In March of 2011, there were about 29 from the TG-3As that has registered in the United States.
9. Boeing P-26 Peashooter – this has been the first ever American all-metal invention fighter aircraft and also the first chase monoplane used by US Army Air Corps. The prototype initially flew in 1932. This type was yet used with U.S. Army Air Corp in the Philippines in as late as the year 1941.
P-26As were flown also by the third PS of the fourth Composite Group, station in the Philippines. In between year 1937 and year 1941, 31 were traded to the hatchling Philippine Army Air Corp. By 1941 of December, the US fighter intensified in the Philippines incorporating 28 P-26s, and 12 of which had been operating with 6th Pursuit Squadrons of the Army Air Corps of the Philippines. Filipino-flown the P-26s claimed 1 G3M and 2-3 Mitsubishi A6M2 Zeros just before the final P-26s were burned on December 24, 1941.
10. Lockheed XH-51 – this was a 3-bladed, sole-engine experimented helicopter that was using a retractable slip landing gear and a rigid rotor.
Lockheed started developing the rigid rotor concept together with CL-475 helicopter styled in 1959. This rigid rotor choice was meant that a helicopter was livelier than it could have been with the flapping rotor. The routine of CL-475 encouraged the Lockheed to look for further development. However, in 1962 of February, Lockheed’s Model 186, the latest design rigid rotor was chosen to be the winner of the joint Army-Navy plan to evaluate a rigid rotor for the high-speed flight abilities. On June 1964, the NASA ordered the 5-seat, 3-bladed variant as the helicopter test vehicle.